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الجهاز العصبي

The nervous system is a complex system in the human body and other living organisms that organizes, coordinates and controls many vital functions. The nervous system consists of a group of nerves and nerve cells that transmit electrical and chemical signals throughout the body. This device controls muscle movement, sensory perception, thinking, memory, emotions, and other vital functions. The nervous system is divided into two main parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord, which is responsible for processing information and making decisions. The peripheral nervous system consists of nerves that spread throughout the body and communicate signals between the central nervous system and the rest of the parts. Nerve cells, or neurons, are the basic unit of the nervous system. A nerve cell consists of a cell body containing a nucleus and a group of attached terminals called nerve fibers. Nerve signals are transmitted through nerve fibers by circulating electrical signals and secreting chemicals called neurotransmitters. The nervous system affects all aspects of body function, from balance and muscle movement, to sensory perception, learning and memory. The nervous system regulates and coordinates many other vital systems, such as the digestive and cardiovascular systems. Nervous system problems can affect body functions significantly. Some common disorders that affect the nervous system include epilepsy, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, autism, and Alzheimer's. Treating these disorders requires a comprehensive approach that includes medications, psychotherapy, physical therapy, and other modern research in the field of the nervous system. The focus is on understanding synapses and communication between neurons. Techniques such as MRI and brain imaging using functional brain imaging have advanced, allowing researchers to study the structure and function of the brain in an unprecedented way. Targeted treatment techniques for nervous system disorders have also developed. For example, advanced neurotechnologies such as deep stimulation are used to treat chronic neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Innovative drug therapy techniques are also used to improve nerve cell communication and promote healing and recovery in cases of nerve damage and stroke. Furthermore, researchers are also interested in understanding the influence of environmental and genetic factors on the development and function of the nervous system. They seek to understand how exposure to harmful agents such as environmental pollution and chemicals affects the health of the nervous system, as well as study the genetic factors that enhance an individual's susceptibility to neurological disorders. In short, the nervous system is a complex biological system that affects all aspects of the body's functions. Through ongoing research and cutting-edge technologies, our understanding of the nervous system is expanded and available treatments for neurological disorders are improved.


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